30. Now Ireland was waste [thereafter], for a space of three hundred years,
[or three hundred and twelve, quod uerius est] till Partholon s. Sera
s. Sru came to it. He is the first who took Ireland after the Flood, on
a Tuesday, on the fourteenth of the moon, in Inber Scene: [for three
times was Ireland taken in Inber Scene]. Of the progeny of Magog son
of Iafeth was he, [ut dixi supra]: in the sixtieth year of the age of
Abraham, Partholon took Ireland.
31. Four chieftains strong came Partholon: himself and Laiglinne his son,
from whom is Loch Laighlinne in Ui mac Uais of Breg; Slanga and
Rudraige, the two other sons of Partholon, from whom are Sliab Slanga
and Loch Rudraige. When the grave of Rudraige was a-digging, the
lake there burst forth over the land.
32. Seven years had Partholon in Ireland when the first man of his people
died, to wit, Fea, from whom is Mag Fea; for there was he buried, in
33. In the third year thereafter, the first battle of Ireland, which Partholon
won in Slemna of Mag Itha against Cichol clapperlag of the Fomoraig.
Men with single arms and single legs they were, who joined the battle
34. There were seven lake bursts in Ireland in the time of Partholon: Loch
Laighlinne in Ui mac Uais of Breg, Loch Cuan and Loch Rudraige in
Ulaid, Loch Dechet and Loch Mese and Loch Con in Connachta, and
Loch Echtra in Airgialla; for Partholon did not find more than three
lakes and nine rivers in Ireland before him - Loch Fordremain in Sliab
Mis of Mumu, Loch Lumnig on Tir Find, Loch Cera in Irrus; Aba Life,
Lui, Muad, Slicech, Samer (upon which is Ess Ruaid), Find, Modorn,
Buas, and Banna between Le and Elle. Four years before the death of
Partholon, the burst of Brena over the land.
35. Four plains were cleared by Partholon in Ireland: Mag Itha in Laigen,
Mag Tuired in Connachta, Mag Li in Ui mac Uais, Mag Ladrand in Dal
nAraide. For Partholon found not more than one plain in Ireland
before him, the Old Plain [of Elta] of Edar. this is why it is called the
"Old Plain" for never did branch of twig of a wood grow through it.
36. And it is there that Partholon died, five thousand men and four
thousand women, of a week's plague on the kalends of May. On a
Monday plague killed them all except one man tantum - Tuan son of
Starn son of Sera nephew of Partholon: and God fashioned him in
many forms, and that man survived alone from the time of Partholon to
the time of Findian and of Colum Cille.
37. It was the four sons of Partholon who made the first division of Ireland
in the beginning, Er, Orba, Fergna, Feron. There were four men,
namesakes to them, amoung the sons of Mil, but they were not the
same. From Ath Cliath of Laigen to Ailech Neit, is the division of Er.
From Ath Cliath to the island of Ard Nemid, is the division of Orba.
From Ailech to Ath Cliath of Medraige, is the division of Feron. From
that Ath Cliath to Ailech Neit, is the division of Fergna. So that is
that manner they first divided Ireland.
38. Partholon had four oxen, that is the first cattle of Ireland. Of his
company was Brea, son of Senboth, by whom were a jouse, a flesh
[cauldron], and dwelling first made in Ireland. Of his company was
Samailiath, by whom were ale-drinking and suretyship first made in
Ireland. Of his company was Beoir, by whom a guesthouse was first
made in Ireland. As the poet saith
Partholon, whence he came to Ireland, reckon ye! on the day
when he reached across the sea, what was the land from which
He came from Sicily to Greece -a year's journey, with no full
falsehood: a month's sailing from Greece westward, to
From Cappadocia he journeyed, a sailing of three days to
Gothia, a sailing of a month from white Gothia, to three-
After that he reached Inis Fail, to Ireland from Spain: on
Monday, the tenth without blemish one octad took Ireland.
He is the first man who took his wife in the time of Partholon
without falsehood: Fintan, who took the woman through combat
-Aife, daughter of Partholon.
Parthlolon went out one day, to tour his profitable land: His
wife and his henchman together he leaves behind him on the
As they were in his house, the two, a wonder unheard-of, she
made an advance to the pure henchman, he made no advance
Since he made her no answer promptly the henchman,
stubborn against an evil intention, she doffs her in
desperation -an impulsive action for a good woman!
The henchman rose without uncertainty, a frail thing is
humanity -and came, a saying without pleasure, with Delgnat
to share her couch.
Insolent was the prank for a pleasant henchman which Topa of
tuneful strings wrought: to go by a rough trick, a happiness
without pleasure, with Delgnat, to share her couch.
Partholon, who was a man of knowledge, had a vat of most
sweet ale: out of which none could drink aught save through a
tube of red gold.
Thirst seized them after the deed, Topa and Delgnat, according
to truth: so that their two mouths drank their two drinks (?)
in the tube.
When they did it, a couple without remorse, there came upon
them very great thirst; soon they drank a bright coal-drink,
through the gilded tube.
Partholon arrived outside, after ranging the wilderness; there
were given to him, it was a slight disturbance, his vat and his
When he took the straight tube, he perceived upon it at once,
the taste of Topa's mouth as far as this, and the taste of
A black, surly demon revealed the bad, false, unpleasant deed:
"Here is the taste of Topa's mouth" said he, "And the taste of
Then said the sound son of Sera, the man called Partholon:
"though short the time we are outside, we have the right to
complain of you."
The man smote the woman's dog with his palm - it was no
profit -he slew the hound, it was a treasure that would be
slender; so that is the first jealousy of Ireland.
Delgnat answered her husband: "Not upon us is the blame,
though bitter thou thinkest my saying it, truly, but it is upon
Though evil thou thinkest my saying it to thee, Partholon, its
right shall be mine: I am the 'one before one' here, I am
innocent, recompense is my due.
Honey with a woman, milk with a cat, food with one generous,
meat with a child, a wright within and an edged tool, one
before one, 'tis a great risk.'
The woman will taste the thick honey, the cat will drink the
milk, the generous will bestow the pure food, the child will eat
The wright will lay hold of a tool, the one with the one will go
together: wherefore it is right to guard them well from the
That is the first adultery to be heard of made here in the
beginning: the wife of Partholon, a man of rank, to go to an
He came after the henchman and slew him with anger: to him
there came not the help of God upon the Weir of the Kin-
The place where that was done, after its fashioning certainty -
great is its sweetness that was there of a day in the land of
And that, without deceit, is the first judgement in Ireland so
that thence, with very noble judgement, is "the right of his
wife against Partholon."
Seventeen years had they thereafter, till there came the death
of that man; the battle of Mag Itha of the combats was one of
the deeds of Partholon.
Further of the voyaging of Partholon -
Good was the great company that Partholon had: maidens and
active youths, chieftains and champions.
Totacht and strong Tarba, Eochar and Aithechbel, Cuaille,
Dorcha, Dam, the seven chief ploughmen of Partholon.
Liac and Lecmag with colour, Imar and Etrigi, the four oxen, a
proper group, who ploughed the land of Partholon.
Beoir was the name of the man, with his nobles and with his
people, who suffered a guest in his firm house, the first in
By that Brea son of Senboth a house was first, a cauldron on
fire; a feat that the pleasant Gaedil desert not, dwelling in
By Samailiath were known ale-drinking and surety-ship: by
him were made thereafter worship, prayer, questioning.
The three druids of Partholon of the harbours, Fiss, Eolas,
Eochmarc: the names of his three champions further, Milchu,
The names of the ten noble daughters whom Partholon had,
and the names of his ten sons-in-law I have aside, it is a full
Aife, Aine, lofty Adnad, Macha, Mucha, Melepard, Glas and
Grenach, Auach and Achanach.
Aidbli, Bomnad and Ban, Caertin, Echtach, Athchosan, Lucraid,
Ligair, Lugaid the warrior, Gerber who was not vain of word.
Beothach, Iarbonel, Fergus, Art, Corb, who followed (?) without
sin, Sobairche, active Dobairche, were the five chieftains of
Nemed, good in strength.
Bacorb Ladra, who was a sound sage, he was Partholon's man
of learning: he is the first man, without uncertainty, who made
hospitality at the first.
Where they ploughed in the west was at Dun Finntain, though
it was very far: and they grazed grass of resting in the east
of Mag Sanais.
Bibal and Babal the white, were Partholon's two merchants:
Bibal brought gold hither, Babal brought cattle.
The first building of Ireland without sorrow, was made by
Partholon: the first brewing, churning, ale, a course with
grace, at first, in good and lofty Ireland.
Rimad was the firm tall-ploughman, Tairle the general head-
ploughman: Fodbach was the share, no fiction is that, and
Fetain the coulter.
Broken was the name of the man, it was perfect, who first
wrought hidden shamefulness: it was destroyed with a
scattering that was not evil, Partholon thought this to be
So these are the tidings of the first Taking of Ireland after